So this is like, just the real basic stuff. I only had time for a coupla quick snaps to use for this not-quite-tutorial, so please expect nothing fancy or intricate.
In layman’s terms, shutter speed is the duration of time that the shutter is open once you click the camera. This is usually measured in seconds or increments of seconds like 1/x seconds. The longer the shutter remains open, the more light enters the image sensor. To better demonstrate, take a look at the following photos. They are all set at f/5.6 and ISO of 1600 and not edited save for putting the labels. The only difference is the shutter speed:
Basically, if the shutter speed is set to less than a second, that is 1/x, the smaller the value of x, the slower the shutter speed and the more light enters the sensor. So you see, shutter speed is directly related to the brightness of the photo. That is not all, however.
Varying the shutter speed can also stop or show motion. Fast shutter speeds can freeze movement. Think, jump shots like these:
On the other hand, slow shutter speeds capture the range of movements within the given duration. This is best demonstrated by flowing water shots like these:
Unfortunately, I could not recall the exact camera settings I used for the waterfall photos since these are old photos (circa 2009). I have lost the original copies and these are just downloaded from one of my FB albums. 😐 Nevertheless, I do recall that the shutter speed I used is more than a second. It took me several shots to get it right since the longer the exposure time, the more prone to blurring due to movement. If you are not using a tripod like me, that is.
For more in-depth discussions about shutter speed, here are some helpful links:
- DPS: Introduction to Shutter Speed in Digital Photography
- Understanding Shutter Speed – A Beginner’s Guide
- Using Camera Shutter Speed Creatively
So there you go, my first (and hopefully not last) photography tutorial. I hope you learned something from me today. If you have any questions or clarifications, feel free to comment below. 🙂
Up next, I gotta blabber on about aperture and ISO. Stay tuned. 😉